Articles

 

Articles

Page 1 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63524 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50

July 2024

African Journal of Health Sciences and Technology
Epidemiology of circulating influenza viruses in Ethiopia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from National Severe Acute Respiratory Infection and Influenza-Like Illness Sentinel Surveillance (January 2021-August 2022)

Influenza is an acute viral respiratory tract disease in humans, often characterized by fever, headache, myalgia, prostration, coryza, sore throat and cough. Influenza infection is clinically indistinguishable from other respiratory viral diseases without laboratory confirmation. This study aims to estimate the proportion of confirmed influenza cases among patients presenting with a severe acute respiratory infection...

Author(s): Mengistu Biru Tesema

July 2024

African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Review of high sensitive cardiac troponin T levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome in a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

Acute coronary syndrome is a spectrum of thrombotic coronary diseases which includes unstable angina, non ST segment elevation and ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Incidence is on the increase worldwide and in Nigeria. Early diagnosis and prompt intervention is of utmost importance. Cardiac troponin T is an important biomarker of myocardial ischaemia, and levels become elevated in myocardial...

Author(s): Adewolu Olanike F. and Ikhidero Joseph I.

July 2024

African Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Risk factors contributing to failure to receive optimal care in pediatric congenital heart disease

The 'Management Pathway' (MP) for congenital heart disease (CHD) comprises diagnostic, treatment, and follow-up phases. Potential risk factors for failure to receive optimal care (OC) include lower levels of parent/guardian education and income, as well as poor access to healthcare facilities. The objective of the current study was to identify risk factors for failure to receive OC in pediatric patients under 12...

Author(s): Mark Nelson Awori, Daniel Ojuka, Diana Marangu and Paul Bannon

July 2024

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
The traditional livestock breeding practices of Somali pastoralists and small ruminant brucellosis seroprevalence survey in selected villages of Gardo District of Puntland State of Somalia

A cross-sectional study was carried out to define the seroprevalence of brucellosis in target animals and the perception of the community on the disease in sheep and goat. Study was undertaken in four purposefully selected sub-regions of the Gardo district of Karkaar region of Somalia, namely: Kubo, Xabaal-reer, Guud-cad, and Cambaaro of Gardo. The small ruminants studied comprised of the 225 indigenous Somali Caprine...

Author(s): Abdiqani Ahmed Farah and Abdullahi Farah  

July 2024

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Can urbanization affect the occurrence of anemia in children 6 to 59 months of age in malaria endemic settings? A cross-sectional survey in Burkina Faso

Anemia in children remains a major public health concern in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and effect of urbanization on the occurrence of anemia in an endemic malaria urban area in Burkina Faso. A cross-sectional community-based study was carried out in both old and recent areas of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, and included 875 children aged 6 to 59 months. For all...

Author(s): Ouahamin Olivier Sombié, Alain Hien, Franck Garanet, Ayodele Adebayo Soretire Bekyaire Namwiniakarè Hervé Kpoda, Adama Kazienga, and Nawidimbasba Augustin Zeba  

July 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Assessment of employment among deaf people: Survey in the city of Asmara, Eritrea

This research entails an assessment of the employment conditions for deaf individuals in Asmara, Eritrea. The study involved the random selection and administration of semi-structured questionnaires to 40 deaf employees and interviews with 10 employers from various organizations. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS and Microsoft Excel. Given that 64.3% of the total deaf population in Eritrea is unemployed, it is...

Author(s): Hafiz Suleman, Debesay Gebrihiwet, Yemane Ateshim and Natnael Aregawi

July 2024

African Journal of Business Management
The effect of leadership and change capability on organizational agility in mobile network providers in Zimbabwe

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of leadership and change capability on organizational agility within Zimbabwe's major mobile network providers. Organizational agility, a relatively recent area of organizational research, is influenced by independent variables such as leadership and change capability. In the past, organizations enjoyed a competitive advantage due to low competition and high entry...

Author(s): Judith Mwenje and Tatenda Matongo

July 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Sanctioning of Russian Central Bank assets and consequential impacts on other central banks and international trade and investments

The deployment of sanctions as a deterrence and compellence tool has massively increased in recent years, leading to increased uncertainty and turbulence in the global economy. The weaponization of the Russian Central Bank's foreign reserves by Western powers is already causing a significant shift in the international financial order. Central banks outside Western countries have begun diversifying their external...

Author(s): Olusegun Obasun

July 2024

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Assessment of grain storage structures, pests and their management practices in Lesotho

A survey was conducted among 218 farmers in 8 of the 10 districts of Lesotho. Data collection was conducted using a structured questionnaire uploaded on KOBO data collection software and it was also used for data analysis of descriptive statistics. Microsoft Excel was used to construct tables and chats while Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to determine the relationship between selected dependent...

Author(s): Pitso Victor Masupha, Mothusi Thai and Mamoipone Magret Sebitia  

July 2024

International Journal of Computer Engineering Research
Modelling, simulation and optimisation of a pressure retarded osmosis power station: The co- vs. counter-current setting

In a pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) power plant, osmosis is used to generate electric power in a 2-channel system through a semipermeable membrane. Such system can be operated in the co- or in the counter-current mode, depending on relative flow direction of the fresh and the salt (draw) water along the membrane. In order to study and compare these two cases, models which describe the variations of the various...

Author(s): O. O. Bolorunduro and I. Gasser  

July 2024

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Assessment and valuation of provisioning ecosystem services (Non-Timber Forest Produce) in Medak Forest range, Telangana State

The collection of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) by communities living near forest fringe villages in India is a critical aspect of sustainable forest management and livelihoods. This practice involves the harvesting of various forest resources such as medicinal plants, fruits, nuts, resins, and fibers. The reliance on NTFPs by local communities contributes to biodiversity conservation and economic sustainability,...

Author(s): G. Sailu and S. A. Unnisa

July 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Preclinical immunomodulatory activity of COVIDEX® herbal product developed for supportive treatment of COVID-19 in Uganda

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic due to the SARSCoV-2 virus caused international lockdown with devastating effects on global health. In Africa, most people resorted to the use of herbal products for the prevention and treatment COVID-19 related symptoms. In Uganda COVIDEX® herbal product was widely used and is still used against COVID-19 and other viral symptoms of the upper respiratory tract. The product...

Author(s): Patrick Engeu Ogwang, Silvano Samba Twinomujuni, Casim Umba Tolo and  Francis Wasswa

July 2024

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Nicolau syndrome: An avoidable iatrogenic complication leading to disabilities

Nicolau syndrome is a rare complication following intramuscular injection of various medications. The pathophysiology of the condition remains complex. However, corticosteroids are responsible for vasospasm and ischemic necrosis. The objective of this report was to demonstrate the often-preventable nature of this debilitating drug-induced iatrogenesis. Two cases of preventable Nicolau syndrome in children aged 2 and 6...

Author(s): Manan Siméon YOBO-BI, Kanga Sita N’ZOUÉ, Massiré TOURÉ, Adoubs Célestin BÉNIÉ, Mankoh Yves-Cédric KEE, Kpangni Ahua Jean BERTRAND, Alain Claude Stéphane Batoué TIA and Mamadou KAMAGATE,  

July 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Influence of soil physical properties, chemical contents and rhizobacterial loads on soil quality in maize fields of Southwestern Nigeria

In Southwestern Nigeria (SWN), the high demand for maize has resulted in increased levels of maize cultivation. However, continuous maize cultivation is directly or indirectly affecting soil nutrient reserves. This study therefore assessed and compared the soil physical conditions, chemical contents, and rhizobacterial loads of soil samples collected in maize fields across the five (Guinea Savannah-GS, Derived...

Author(s): Moses Abiala and Christopher Blackwood

July 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Physicochemical and sensory characterization of sweet potato beers with purple and yellow flesh

The use of brewing adjuncts can improve the color, aroma, and flavor of beer. Sweet potatoes (Ipomea batatas) are rich in bioactive compounds, such as phenolic compounds with antioxidant activity. Thus, this study aimed to develop and characterize physicochemical and sensorial aspects of craft beers brewed with sweet potatoes with purple and yellow flesh. Three beer formulations were prepared: 50% purple-fleshed sweet...

Author(s): Marta Oliveira de Araújo, Karolina Oliveira Gomes, Tathiane Almeida Gonçalves Corrêa, Igor Albuquerque de Souza, Rebeca Dias dos Santos, Izabel Cristina Rodrigues da Silva, Lívia Cristina Lira de Sá Barreto and Daniela Castilho Orsi

July 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Hygienic-sanitary conditions of school food service in Barretos/SP/Brazil

It is important to ensure the hygienic-sanitary quality at all stages of food handling for human consumption. Therefore, the study was conducted to assess the school food service hygienic-sanitary conditions of public municipal schools of Barretos-SP. The survey was conducted in 2 schools in 4 phases: (1) Application of checklist contained in CHS Ordinance No.5 from Health Surveillance Center in São Paulo, April...

Author(s): Ana Cecília Condota de Oliveira, Jean Paulo Fagundes Brunozi and Veridiana de Carvalho Antunes

July 2024

Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
Preparation and manufacturing of nanomembranes based on ramie fiber using electrospinning technique

In this study, ramie fibers were used to fabricate nanomembranes, which are expected to be able to filter micron/nano-sized particles. The ramie fibers were processed into cellulose pulp and processed into cellulose acetate. Ramie cellulose acetate is the basic material for making nanomembranes through an electrospinning process. Nanomembrane characterization was carried out using FTIR, thermogravimetry analysis (TGA),...

Author(s): Sudirman Habibie, Riesma Tasomara, Seto Roseno, Mohammad Hamzah, Lukmana, Trisna Mardiana and Arif Rachman Hakim  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genetic parameters estimate of iron and zinc nutrients in common bean genotypes

There is need to know the heritability of different traits for the effective selection of parents for future breeding activities. A study was carried out to determine heritability of iron and zinc in common bean. Crosses were made with each donor and recipient parents to obtain four different types of crosses. Part of the F1 seed from each cross was sown in the screen house to produce F2 seeds and also backcrossed to...

Author(s): Kinguye Masamaki Magomere, Susan Nchimbi-Msolla and George Muhamba Tryphone  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of soil pH levels on iron and zinc concentrations of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes

Plants grown in acid soils experience a variety of stresses which include aluminium, hydrogen and/or manganese toxicity, as well as nutrient deficiencies of calcium and magnesium. A study was carried out to determine the influence of soil pH levels on iron and zinc concentrations in leaves and seeds of twenty-five common bean genotypes. Plastic cups trial was carried out in the screen house to determine the actual...

Author(s): Kinguye Masamaki Magomere, Susan Nchimbi-Msolla and George Muhamba Tryphone  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Troubled agronomy: Exploring challenges affecting oil palm production among indigenous rural farmers in Karonga district, Malawi

Agriculture remains fundamental in addressing socio-economic challenges in developing countries including Malawi. Through agriculture, oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production has been essential as source of food, creation of job opportunities, income generation, hence offering potential pathways for reducing rural poverty. In Malawi, oil palm production is an old tradition practiced by the Nyakyusa people, residing in...

Author(s): Noel Mweta, Alex Somuah-Obeng and John Windie Ansah  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Standard of living, gender dimensions and women empowerment among Fulani pastoralist in Kaduna State, Nigeria

The participation of women in dairy farming varies according to region, culture, and socioeconomic status. These dynamics restrict women’s abilities to exercise equal access and control over resources. Utilizing descriptive statistics and data from 316 clustered Advancing Local Dairy Development in Nigeria (ALDDN) Project beneficiary communities, this study assesses gender roles and empowerment among pastoralists...

Author(s): Jamila Rabe Mani, Musa Bello, Yusuf Usman Oladimeji and Fadlullah Olayiwola  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Postharvest handling practices and the use of Cedrela Odorata leaves against insect pests of maize grain in storage

A survey conducted in the Ejura-Sekyedumasi municipality of Ghana's Ashanti Region assessed the use of Cedrela odorata leaves for storing maize. The study sampled fifty farmers from five maize-producing communities. Maize storage methods included shelling and bagging or storing unshelled maize in rooms or barns. Common field pests encountered included weevils, termites and fall armyworms. The majority of farmers...

Author(s): Samuel Owusu-Ansah, Francis Appiah, Charles Kwoseh and Elvis Asamoah  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Assessing soil carbon sequestration potential by measuring clay, sand, and silt content in agroforestry parkland systems along a rainfall gradient in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Soil texture and precipitation influence soil organic carbon sequestration. This research measured soil texture to assess the potential for organic carbon sequestration in soils within agroforestry parklands, considering a gradient of rainfall levels. The study aims to provide site-specific recommendations to promote agroforestry as a strategy for mitigating climate change in Burkina Faso. Soil samples were collected...

Author(s): Yacouba Noël Coulibaly and Gérard Zombré  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
A survey on the state of moringa cultivation and utilization in Kwazulu-Natal

The African population is predicted to be 1,397,607,646, with the South African population estimated to be 60,635,919. With a continually expanding population across the continent, satisfying the demands of present and future generations will be a major global challenge. As a result, this study investigated Moringa oleifera lam as a superfood with the potential to reduce poverty and unemployment, promote rural...

Author(s): Simphiwe Promise Buthelezi and Londeka Thandokuhle Mimi Nxumalo  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Farming nomenclature, distribution and diversity of squash (Cucurbita sp) in Burkina Faso

Agriculture plays a crucial role in managing sustainable food security, necessitating a better understanding and conservation of plant genetic resource diversity. This study aims to establish the nomenclature of squash species (Cucurbita species) diversity cultivated by farmers in Burkina Faso. A survey was conducted across 19 provinces, divided into nine regions and two climatic zones. Semi-structured individual...

Author(s): Soumbougma Benoît, Tiama Djakaridja, Ouedraogo Jacques and Bationo-Kando Pauline

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Phenotypical variability of four types of sorghum cultivated in intercropping conditions in two agroclimatic areas of Burkina Faso based on qualitative traits

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is an indigenous crop in Africa, primarily cultivated to meet the food and commercial needs of rural communities. In Burkina Faso, various types of sorghum are cultivated together, potentially increasing gene flow and influencing the evolution of key morphological traits of interest. This study compared the morphological variability of four types of sorghum cultivated under...

Author(s): Sévérin Tuina, Josiane Tiendrebéogo, Romaric Kiswendsida Nanema and Nerbéwendé Sawadogo  

July 2024

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Characterization of chicken production system in two selected districts in Central Tigray, Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Tahtay Michew and Mereb Leke districts with the objective of characterizing the chicken production system in the two study districts. Data collection was carried out through a structured questionnaire and data gathered from different sources. A total of 80 households (40 from each district) were randomly selected for interviews in the baseline survey. Finally, all the collected data were...

Author(s): Berhe Teklay, Yosef Tadesse and Solomon Abegaz  

July 2024

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Nursing related safety incidents reported in Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA) during COVID-19 pandemic: Mixed method approach

Safety incidents in healthcare may be inevitable, especially during a pandemic of highly infectious diseases. However, their frequency can be decreased with a focused study and mitigation strategies. A limited number of studies have been conducted to explore safety incidents during COVID-19. This study is a retrospective analytical and descriptive discussion of the top 4 incident types that affected the safety...

Author(s): Abbas Abdul Hassan Anad, Ahmed Jamil Hamoudeh, Ferne Elizabeth Harper, Deborah Allan, Layla Abdulrahman Mohamed, Vinu Varghese, Expedita Velarde Calminero, Ratish Kumar Shivraman, Shaikha Buti Alblooshi, Tahreer Ibrahim Altal and Jane Kelly  

July 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Impact of adoption lag of soil and water conservation practices on crop productivity in Sio-Malaba Malakisi Basin of Kenya-Uganda border

The increasing need to feed a fast-growing population has significantly led to land degradation and a substantial reduction of soil and crop productivity globally, due to soil overexploitation. Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Practices (SWCPs) improves crop productivity and reduces soil erosion rates. However, the adoption of SWCPs is still low in many countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, even...

Author(s): Hyacinthe Nyirahabimana , Alice Turinawe, Jakob Lederer, Jeninah Karungi  

July 2024

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determining the pathway for commercialization of bioenergy technologies and products among stakeholders in the bioenergy value chain in Baringo County, Kenya

Bioenergy has emerged as a suitable alternative to fossil fuels with a potential to significantly contribute to the country’s energy targets. However, the well-established fossil fuel industry presents a challenge for the development of a commercially viable bioenergy industry. Other factors such as government policies, financial constraints, lack of stakeholders’ coordination, technical complexities, and...

Author(s): Lilian Achieng Onyango, Oscar Ayuya Ingasia and Kenneth Waluse Sibiko  

July 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Awareness and acceptance of telemedicine by medical doctors working in public hospitals in the city of Douala

Clinicians have been studying ways to apply computer technology to enhance healthcare for many years. However, the acceptance of telemedicine has tended to be slower in Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate medical doctors' awareness of telemedicine and determine factors affecting its acceptance in Douala. A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from February to May 2023 in public health...

Author(s): Andre Arsene Bita Fouda, John-Paul Chukwudalu Okaforigbo, Viviane Ndoungue Fossouo, Jean II Dissongo, Claude Bika and Jules Léon Owona Manga  

July 2024

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Predictors of community acquired pneumonia in children less than 5 years in Fako Division, Cameroon

Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major public health problem and a principal cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age worldwide. The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is the major intervention strategy used in the prevention of new infections. Though the vaccines have been in use since 2011 in Cameroon, lower respiratory tract infections remain major causes of morbidity and...

Author(s): Stanley Sunjo Nyuydzedze, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Sylvester Ndeso Atanga and Elvis Asangbeng Tanue

July 2024

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Wound healing effects of Commiphora swynnertonii resin formulations using rat as model animal

Commiphora swynnertonii (Burceraceae) is commonly used for the treatment of various ailments, including arthritis, wounds, and skin conditions. In this study, the effects of various formulations of the tree resin on wound healing were evaluated in rats through skin contracture and histological changes. Body weights were also monitored during the experiments. Tree resins were prepared at 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 30% v/v...

Author(s): James Richard Mushi,  Benigni Alfred Temba, Shaban Mshamu, Robert Arsen Max and Gaymary George Bakari  

July 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Does corporate governance affect bank performance in Brazil, Russia, India, and China?

This study utilizes a sample of 67 selected banks from four well-known developing countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India, and China (hereafter BRIC), over nine consecutive years from 2011 to 2019 to examine the effects of corporate governance on bank performance. The study aims to investigate whether the concept of corporate governance in developed countries can also be applied in the banking industry of BRIC. The two...

Author(s): Simon M. S. So and Simon Q. X. Liao

July 2024

Journal of Accounting and Taxation
Internal audit quality and audit fees: Evidence from China

As an integral part of corporate governance, assurance services from internal and external sources supervise and evaluate companies’ operations. Systematically combing the relevant internal and external audit literature at home and abroad reveals that internal auditing and audit fees show different relationships in different countries and markets. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between...

Author(s): Philip LAW and Jialu XU

June 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
The necessity for note-taking during teaching-learning process in Sports and Physical Education

Sports and Physical Education (SPE), like any other discipline, contributes to students’ education. These students, for a good acquisition of teaching content, should be invited to take notes of the theoretical and technological knowledge conveyed by Physical and Sport Activities (PSA), subject of teaching. This quantitative and qualitative study aims to identify the usefulness of the implementation of theoretical...

Author(s): Carlos Emery Hyacinthe Atoun, Yaovi Olivier Audrey Attikleme, Basile Agbodjogbe, Wilson Dossou, Kossivi Attiklemé, Georges Kpazaï

June 2024

Educational Research and Reviews
How Artificial Intelligence (AI) impacts inclusive education

Since artificial intelligence (AI) is extensively used in the field of education, it presents various opportunities in teaching and learning. In education, AI is chiefly used to impart knowledge, stimulate comprehension, heighten intelligence, and is treasured as support in learning. It is also instrumental in empowering and inspiring students. The emergence of AI also has a positive impact on inclusive education....

Author(s): Gabriel Julien

June 2024

African Journal of Plant Science
Characterization of the causal organisms of soft rot on tomatoes grown in Lesotho

In order to study the causal agents of tomato rot in tunnels/greenhouse, the tomato fruits (Solanum lycopersicum L) showing symptoms of soft rot was collected and their juices were used for the identification of microbes. Microbial isolates were obtained from lesions following surface sterilization and rinsing with distilled water.  Bacteria cultures were prepared on nutrient agar while fungal cultures were...

Author(s): Mpho Liphoto, Maliehe Maqhai and Khothatso Nkhabu

June 2024

African Journal of Business Management
Factors influencing job embeddedness among elderly care workers: A cross-sectional study

The study investigates job embeddedness and the influencing factors among elderly care workers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect data from 325 elderly care workers. The demographic questionnaire, Job Embeddedness Scale (JES), and Workplace Loneliness Scale were applied. The findings reveal that the level of job embeddedness among elderly care workers is moderate, but about one in every seven elderly...

Author(s): Li-Hong Fan, Qing-Ping Luo, Ya-Ni Tang and Wei Wu

June 2024

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Management of inventory for profitability from supplier to retailers in supply chain

Supply Chain Management (SCM) is a network of facilities and distribution options focused on cost, customer service, inventory cost, and the flow of activities within companies and organizations, with the main goal of maximizing profitability. Supply chain practices and inventory management ensure that products are delivered to customers with greater accuracy, safety, and promptness. However, the level of profitability...

Author(s): Leo Tanyam Encho, Pascaline Liaken Ndukum, Mathurin Soh and Abraham Okolo  

June 2024

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Assessing future changes in extremes precipitations indices in Ouémé River basin at Bétérou (Benin, West Africa)

Understanding changes in precipitation intensity and frequency indices plays an important role in flood risk mitigation and water resource management. The objective of this paper is to assess future changes in extreme precipitation indices in the Oueme River basin at Bétérou compared to the reference period. To achieve this, the paper uses the ISIMIP approach to improve the usability of regional climate...

Author(s): Biao Iboukoun Eliézer, , Obada Ezéchiel and Alamou Adéchina Eric  

June 2024

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Groundwater pollution and climate change vulnerability in Kenya: A review

Groundwater is a significant water source for agriculture, industry, and domestic use. In Kenya, pollution and unprecedented climate change vulnerability threaten the sustainability of groundwater sources. Climate change has intensified frequent droughts, leading to water shortages and access to clean water. This research study review identifies the causes of groundwater pollution and distribution of surface water and...

Author(s): Innocent Osoro Ngare, James Karanja, Susan Maina and Salome Gikonyo  

June 2024

African Journal of Plant Science
Infestation dynamics of mistletoes in urban and rural landscapes of semi-arid Botswana

The available information regarding mistletoes inadequately explains the dynamic facets of infestation in rural-urban gradients. This study was carried out to compare the abundance of mistletoe species on hosts between urban (Gaborone and Gakuto) and rural (Lentsweletau and Oodi) areas of Botswana. Four plots each with a surface area of 625 m2 were established in the respective study areas and from which...

Author(s): Mpho Granny Batlhophi, Tebogo Selebatso, Keoikantse Sianga, Mpho Rinah Setlalekgomo, Boipuso Legwatagwata, Ross N. Cuthbert and Mmabaledi Buxton

June 2024

Journal of Languages and Culture
Gender diglossia and its maintenance among the Ubang

Ubang, a Bendi language spoken in Obudu, Nigeria, has gender-based language varieties whereby different terms are used for certain basic items in female and male speech forms. For instance, “okwakwe” and “abu” are respective female and male words for ‘dog’. There are also gendered nuances in the use of vowels and tone. Apparently, the non-cognate gender-differentiated lexicon derives...

Author(s): Lewis Demola

June 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Modifications of growth, mineral uptake, chlorophyll content, osmolyte contents, antioxidant compounds and yield of three varieties of yam (Dioscorea rotundata L.) in saline conditions

A vast area of the world is negatively impacted by salinity which causes loss of crop yields. Modifications in the growth, mineral uptake, chlorophyll content, osmolyte contents, antioxidant compounds and yield of three varieties of yam (Dioscorea rotundata L.) were evaluated in saline conditions, in a greenhouse (0, 50, 100 and 200 mM) and farm (0 and 50 mM). The leaf area, stem height, noose diameter, chlorophyll...

Author(s): Mbondjo Cécile Ndouma, Alphonse Ervé Nouck, Sondi Serge Ekwel, Erica Wiraghan Shang, Momnjoh Edna Kindzeka, Titah Margaret Awah and Victor Desiré Taffouo

June 2024

African Journal of Biotechnology
Assessment and validation of reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in local cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) varieties in response to sterilized and unsterilized soil conditions

Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is widely employed as a mandatory analysis in biological work to analyze and validate gene expression; however, its precision is greatly hampered by the robustness of the internal control genes employed for normalization. In this study, we selected suitable housekeeping genes in leaves of cowpea for normalization of expression analysis when...

Author(s): Frank Kwarteng Amoako, Francis Anti Amoako, Owuraku Amponsah Abu, Melchizedek Asamoah Amponsah, Emmanuel Digooh, Lily Naa Adoley Batsa, Agnes Nimo Bosompem, Clara Ama Adutwumwaa, Belinda Owiah Baiden, Felicity Animah Anarfi, Jeffrey Kankam Boateng, Michael Ackah, Aikins Nyamekye, Obed Adjei and Ruth Prempeh

June 2024

African Journal of Food Science
Overview of climate-induced food insecurity in Nigeria

Food insecurity presents a formidable challenge in Nigeria, exacerbated by the interplay of climate change and conflicts. This study delves into the multifaceted nature of food insecurity in Nigeria and offers strategies for both mitigation and adaptation. Employing secondary data analysis and literature review, we shed light on the profound impacts of climate-induced food insecurity on public health. Our analysis...

Author(s): Bright Oluwatomilola Olunusi

June 2024

African Journal of Food Science
A survey of fruits and vegetables consumed in Ghanaian households and their micromineral content

Fruits and vegetables are good sources of microminerals essential for life. However, they can be relatively expensive and may even be unavailable during off-season periods. Many people do not consume fruits and vegetables frequently due to their high cost. As a result, they rely more on cereals, leading to malnutrition. This study aimed to determine the extent of fruit and vegetable consumption by Ghanaian households...

Author(s): Janice Dwomoh Abraham, Philip Nyarko Kwakye, Abraham Baiden and Francis Mensah

June 2024

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Genetic diversity assessment of lowland and upland rice varieties of Mali using microsatellite markers

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a crucial staple food globally, and understanding the genetic diversity of both lowland and upland local rice varieties is essential for their effective management, conservation, and efficient utilization in varietal improvement programs. In the present study, a total of 58 rice varieties, comprising 9 uplands and 49 lowlands, were sourced from the Lowland Rice Breeding Program of the Regional...

Author(s): Sognan Dao, Diakaridia Traoré, Cheick Teketé, Adounigna Kassogué, Moctar Coulibaly, Oumar Ouattara, Drissa Konaté, Ibrahima Zan Doumbia, Rokiatou Fané, Amadou Hamadoun Babana and Oumarou Goïta

June 2024

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Evolution of genetic diversity in HIV-1 among infected adult’s patients from Côte d'ivoire between 2019 and 2023

Previous studies of molecular epidemiology for HIV-1 have shown that the genetic diversity of circulating recombinant forms of the virus evolves over time, being influenced by the virus's high capacity for replication and genetic recombination, as well as by population mobility, which is responsible for the spread of new variants in different countries. The aim of this study is to describe HIV-1 variants in...

Author(s): Kpadraux Danielle Odegue, Solange Kakou-Ngazoa, Jean-Jacques Renaud Dechi, Zelica Diallo, Kouamé Mireille Sina, Aboubacar Sylla, Koui Stéphane Tossea, Venance Kouakou, Marius Adagba, N’Chouo Kouamé Basile Apia, Offianan André Touré and Mireille Dosso

Page 1 of 1271, showing 50 records out of 63524 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50